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Lead mining royalties by state and territory

Collated by Shahilla Balachandran, Eric Steinhaeuser & Elizabeth O’Brien,
Global Lead Advice & Support Service (GLASS)
Fact sheet created 24th October 2005

TABLE ONE

Dollar value (Au$m) of lead mining royalties collected

Australian States

Year Ended 30-Jun-03

Year Ended 30-Jun-04

Year Ended 30-Jun-05

Queensland

(base & precious minerals) $83.1m

(base & precious minerals) $93.5m

(lead) (estimate) $20.0m

New South Wales

$1.14m

$2.02m

N/avail.

Tasmania

(estimate) $0.60m

(estimate) $0.90m

N/avail.

Western Australia

$1.62m

$0.16m

N/avail

Northern Territory

$0.0m

$0.0m

$0.0m

Victoria [has no lead mines]

$0.0m

$0.0m

$0.0m

South Australia [has no lead mines]

$0.0m

$0.0m

$0.0m

References:

  1. Matt Fitzgerald, Manager Royalty, Finance and Administration, Mineral Resources Tasmania, Department of Infrastructure, Energy & Resources, 30 Gordons Hill Road, PO Box 56, Rosny Park Tasmania 7018, Phone: (03) 6233 8370, Fax: (03) 6233 8338, email: [email protected], Web: www.mrt.tas.gov.au Personal communication 10th October 2005.

  2. Matthew Gagan, Royalty Investigations & Systems, Mineral Resources Division, NSW Primary Industries, Ph: (02) 4931 6435, email: [email protected], Personal communication 10th October 2005

  3. Western Australia, Department of Industry and Resources: http://www.dmp.wa.gov.au/documents/StatsDigest2005.pdf, accessed 7th October 2005

  4. Queensland, Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Web: https://www.osr.qld.gov.au/royalties/statistics.shtml accessed 24th October 2005

  5. Sarah Morgan, Communication Consultant for MRM [McArthur River Mine, owned by Xstrata], Rowland Communication Group, GPO Box 1430, Brisbane Qld 4001, Australia
    Phone: +61 7 3229 4499, Fax: +61 7 3229 2666
    Website: www.rowlandgroup.com.au, Personal communication

  6. Kim Ricketts, MINING REGISTRAR, Customer Service Centre, Department of Sustainability and Environment, Email: [email protected], Personal communication 12th October 2005

  7. Department of Primary Industries and Resources (PIR), South Australia, MESA Journal vol 36 page 24 Table 1 www.pir.sa.gov.au/byteserve/minerals/references/mesa_journal/mj_36/mj36_industry.PDF (Accessed 24th October 2005) 

TABLE TWO
 

Legislation referencing mining royalties

Queensland Queensland Consolidated Acts –
    • Mineral Resources Act 1989:
    • Mining Act

https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/CURRENT/M/MineralReA89.pdf

New South Wales New South Wales Consolidated Acts –
    • Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983
    • Mining Act

http://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/sinodisp/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/alra1983201/s46.html?stem=0&synonyms=0&query=mining%20royalties

Tasmania Tasmania Consolidated Acts -
    • The Hellyer Mine in Tasmania pays royalties under a State Agreement Act (The Hellyer Mine Agreement Ratification 1987)
    • Mineral Resources Development Act 1995

http://im4dc.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/UWA_1698_Paper-01_-Mineral-royalties-other-mining-specific-taxes1.pdf

http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/tas/consol_act/mrda1995320/

Western Australia

Western Australian Consolidated Acts

    • Mining Act
    • Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976
    • The Land Rights Act

www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/wa/consol_act/ma197881/

Northern Territory

Northern Territory Consolidated Acts -

    • In 1952 the Northern Territory (Administration) Act 1910:
    • Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976
    • The Land Rights Act

http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/alrta1976444/

 

TABLE THREE

Australian States

How lead mining royalties are calculated

Queensland
  • The Mineral Resources Act 1989 requires that the holder of a mining lease or mining claim lodge a royalty return and any royalty payable at least annually for all leases and claims held, even if no production took place.
  • Larger producers are required to pay royalty on a quarterly basis, while smaller producers generally pay royalty on an annual basis according to the Queensland Government of mining exploration and petroleum.
New South Wales
  • NSW Department of Primary Industries website states:

"Ad valorem* royalties are levied on all other minerals as a percentage of the total value of minerals recovered, that is, at the rate of 4% of ‘ex-mine’ value# of production".

Tasmania
  • The Mineral Resources Development Act 1995 provides for payment of royalty to land owners where the land owner also owns the product being mined. Under the Act, the royalty payable to owners of private mineral rights is at the same rate that is payable to the Crown.
  • The Mineral Resources Regulations 1996 prescribes the current royalty rates and the method by which 'ad valorem' and profit-based royalties for a number of products are calculated. The Act provides for collection of royalties by Mineral Resources Tasmania on behalf of the owners of some classes of minerals. The fee for this service is 5% of the royalty collected.
Western Australia
  • Regulation 86 of the Mining Act 1978 states that 2.5% of the royalty value is collected.
  • This system takes into account price fluctuations and grade of material. The different rates are intended to adjust for the change in the value as mined ore is processed and value is added
Northern Territory
  • The Mineral Royalty Act states that 18 per cent of the Net Value of mineral commodities sold or removed from a production unit, regardless of the type of mineral commodity or whether the mine is situated on Crown, freehold, leasehold or aboriginal land. Net Value is calculated as follows:
  • Net Value = GR – (OC + CRD + EEE + AD) where – GR is the gross realisation from the production unit; OC represents the operating costs of the production unit for the royalty year; CRD is the Capital Recognition Deduction on eligible capital assets expenditure; EEE is any eligible exploration expenditure; and AD represents additional deduction as approved by the Minister. (Territory Revenue Management)

*ad valorem (in proportion to the estimated value of the goods taxed) "the goods were taxed ad valorem"

# ‘Ex-mine value’ refers to the value of the mineral once it is mined and brought to the surface. Where hard-rock ore is processed or treated to produce a saleable product, the costs associated with the processing or treatment are allowable deductions and should be taken into account when calculating ex-mine production value. However, the costs associated with exploration, development and mining of the ore body and rehabilitation of the site are not allowable deductions.

References

  1. Queensland Government – 17/10/2005, Mining, exploration & petroleum, www.nrm.qld.gov.au/mines/royalties/mining_royalties.html

  2. Territory Revenue Management, Northern Territory Treasury, www.nt.gov.au/ntt/revenue/overmra.shtml

  3. Department of lndustry and Resources, Minerals and Petroleum, www.doir.wa.gov.au/mineralsandpetroleum/
    C6127BDB955E4962B29FF40208ADC408.asp

  4. NSW Department of Primary Industries, Minerals www.minerals.nsw.gov.au/prodServices/publications/commodities/
    mining/miningRoyalties_and_StatisticsNsw

  5. Commonwealth Grant Commission, Discussion paper, www.cgc.gov.au/State_Downloads/Discussion/
    R2004/CGC_2002-15_Mining_Assessment.PDF

    http://wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=ad%20valorem

TABLE FOUR

Australian States

How lead mining royalties are spent

Queensland The royalties are handed down to treasury department, and used for maintaining services.
New South Wales A stable, equitable royalty system: the royalties are paid to the owner of minerals produced in NSW (generally the "Crown" or people of NSW), are collected by the Department of Mineral Resources under the provisions of the Mining Act. Royalties are a mixture of ad valorem (generally 4%) for metals and gemstones, and quantum rates per tonne for lead.
Tasmania The revenue goes in to Consolidated Revenue. A small portion, $350,000 per annum is hypothecated to a rehabilitation of abandoned mines trust fund, although this is a rare example of hypothecation because, as a general rule the Tasmanian Treasury does not hypothecate revenues to expenditures.
Western Australia All royalties are paid into general revenue.
Northern Territory Royalties are receipted into Central Holding Authority (i.e. general revenue and not hypothecated to any specific cause).

*Hypothecation: Earmarking taxes for a specific purpose.

References:

  1. Matt Fitzgerald, Manager Royalty, Finance and Administration,
    Mineral Resources Tasmania, Department of Infrastructure, Energy & Resources, 30 Gordons Hill Road, PO Box 56, Rosny Park Tasmania 7018, Phone: (03) 6233 8370, Fax: (03) 6233 8338, email: [email protected], Web: www.mrt.tas.gov.au Personal communication 19th October 2005

  2. Kim Bowra, Principal Royalties Officer,
    Royalties Division, DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRY AND RESOURCES
    Postal Address: 100 Plain Street, East Perth, Western Australia 6004
    Street Address: 100 Plain Street, East Perth, Western Australia 6004
    Telephone: +61 8 9222 3251, Facsimile: +61 8 9222 3838, email:
    [email protected], www.doir.wa.gov.au Personal communication 11th October 2005

  3. Queensland: Department of Natural Resources and Mines, www.nrm.qld.gov.au/mines/royalties/mining_royalties.html, accessed 24th October 2005

  4. Eddie The, Audit Manager, Territory Revenue Management, Northern Territory Government of Australia, Ph: +61 (08) 8999 7229, Fax +61 (08) 8999 6395, email: [email protected], web: www.revenue.nt.gov.au, Personal communication 14th October 2005

  5. NSW Department of Primary Industries, www.minerals.nsw.gov.au./__data/page/513/in5.PDF, accessed 24th October 2005
    www.economist.com/research/Economics/alphabetic.cfm?LETTER=H

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