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Slide shows and Conference Papers Films / Videos Transcript
  1. Dr Ben Balzer’s Lead Poisoning Slide Show

  2. Lead Poisoning Slide Show

  3. “Green Lead” – oxymoron or future vision?

  4. Ceiling Dust Slide Show

  5. Climate Change Slide Show

  6. NPI Heavy Metals Emissions Data Problems

  7. End of Leaded Petrol - Presentation Nairobi

  8. Nairobi Presentation 20111026-27

  9. Consumer Products and Lead Exposures: Vision for a Lead-Safe World ppt
    Consumer Products and Lead Exposures: Vision for a Lead-Safe World html
    Speech Notes - Consumer Products and Lead Exposures: Vision for a Lead-Safe World

  10. The Problems Schools and Childcare Centres have with Lead PDF

  11. VAP made easy - how to create a winner - for classroom or home viewing 20140803.ppt

The Green Machine.wmv

E waste Report.wmv

Requires Windows Media Player

LeadPro's Green Machine
Voiceover for the video showing The Green Machine in action.

Please note that The LEAD Group is not affiliated with the Green Machine and LeadPro and is unable to provide further information. For more information please contact Robert McClelland, Email Phone: +6 12 9997 1712, mobile: +6 1416 294 942, LeadPro Pty Ltd, 8 Barkala Road Bayview NSW 2104.

Transcript of Video made by Joan Luckhardt, produced for the New Jersey Lead Poisoning Prevention Program in approximately 1992. Transcribed by Kate Finlay-Jones

Green Lead MCA speech Notes for the PowerPoint presentation
Elizabeth O'Brien Bio html
Green lead conference paper
Green lead conference paper PDF 482 KB

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Elizabeth O’Briena, Cornelia Dostb, Bei Quc a Manager, b,c Interns,
Global Lead Advice & Support Service (GLASS)
run by The LEAD Group Incorporated

Conference Paper Presented by Elizabeth O’Brien at the Minerals Council of Australia (MCA)
Conference on Sustainable Development in the Product Stewardship Session:
Tue 1st Nov 2005, 11am-1pm, Alice Springs

Leaded Petrol Ban
Facts of lead poisoning worldwide
Corporate work/International action
Global Lead Advice & Support Service (GLASS)

"Green Lead": Oxymoron or Future Vision (text of speech)

  1. I feel very welcomed by Betty and Darryl in the "Welcome to Country" and I want to acknowledge my appreciation that they and the rest of the Aranda people belong to this land and take such good care of it. And on my way here I drew great strength from Uluru so I’d like to acknowledge the Anangu people for the same reason.
    Some of you will know me as a campaigner against the harmful effects of lead and I found a song expressing some community concerns, that I’d like to sing to you:

  2. When one campaigns against the harmful effects of a product, it’s easy to come across as having blanket opposition to that product, especially in the early stages of a campaign.
    The LEAD Group’s position is not blanket opposition to lead, though we might like to see it phased out where safer alternatives can be found for this extremely useful metal.

  3. What we want is that lead is mined, smelted, manufactured into products, used and recycled safely so that lead poisoning and lead contamination (with the subsequent risk of poisoning) are prevented.

  4. Is it possible, then for lead to be "green"? Let’s briefly examine the concept of "greenness": it includes [click for second dot point] the idea of sustainability, and no product of mining can ever be sustainable, unless it can be endlessly recovered and recycled. The concept of "greenness" also includes not being harmful to humans and every other organism in the natural environment. Research on the harmful effects of lead has largely concentrated on the effects on human health, and not the destruction of landscape caused by waste dumps for [1] mining waste, [2] computers (and here are some of the leaded components in computers)

  5. [3] dead batteries and [4] cars, (and here are some of the leaded components of cars)

  6. but wait there’s more

  7. Let’s distinguish between lead that is already in the environment and lead

  8. (there’s a lot of lead out there) and lead and lead products yet to be made. Or, to be more precise, past uses, present uses and future uses of lead. Public and government perception in Australia is that with lead gone from petrol, the problem of lead has been solved. It hasn’t – there’s still the legacy of past use. There’s a lot of lead contamination in any country that’s had high volume motor transport using leaded petrol. Leaded petrol was invented in 1922. 73 years later it’s been phased out in just more than half the countries of the world. In the United States it took 33 years to complete the phase out from 1972 to 1995. The lead from all that petrol since 1922 is still there – settled into dusts, soils, water bodies and sediments. So far the only people doing anything about the petrol-sourced lead contaminated ceiling dust are the Sydney Aircraft Noise Insulation Project (SANIP), building owners and residents in Australian cities who know that they’ve got the dust and that it’s potentially dangerous. The ceiling dust removal component of SANIP cost $10-12m in government money.
    Whose responsibility should it be to pay for the identification and remediation of affected sites? Whose responsibility is it to alert the public to the potential danger? At the moment, The LEAD Group provides information that enables people to safely deal with lead contamination from leaded petrol dust, leaded paint, or from any other source likely to be found around a building, but people have to have an inkling of the possibility of danger in the first place, to seek our services.
    We’d like to see the lead mining companies helping persuade Australian governments to hypothecate royalties from lead mining for lead awareness and information programs. Naturally, we’d like some funds directed towards us. At present, we’re struggling on a total income of $25,000 this year to run The LEAD Group’s Global Lead Advice and Support Service (GLASS). Our thinking in The LEAD Group has evolved to the point where we see ourselves, small as we are in terms of resources, and small as we are in terms of staff – currently all volunteers by the way – as potential partners of the mining industry in helping make lead "green" especially with the safe management of the legacy of past uses of lead. We’re not so small when it comes to our web-users and the number of phone-calls and emails and other requests for information that we receive.

  9. A quarter of a million people from 176 countries have used our website to find out how better to manage lead.

  10. Last week we passed the milestone of [click for data] 30 factsheets now web-published, [click for data] 44,000 call records (that is, phonecalls or emails) having been entered in the database and [click for data] over one million fact-sheets and other library items having been directly disseminated to people who we determined needed that precise information at that time. Due to our internet presence, there is an inexorable trend towards more and more of our enquiries coming from overseas. [Click for graph] 25% of calls are currently from overseas. We have now dealt with direct enquiries from over 80 countries. And here’s some feedback about our service.

  11. [click for Feedback from GLASS Users]

  12.  There are nearly a thousand ways to hear about our service and here are just 8 of them.  This last one from The Australian in 1993 points out that strokes and heart attacks from hypertension caused by lead mainly from petrol, kills more people than do road accidents.

  13.  Our research suggests that there are 81 (the darker orange) countries possibly still using leaded petrol. I say "possibly", because even the United Nations, the World Bank, and the International Fuel Quality Center cannot agree on which countries still sell it. Our list of the 81 countries is divided like this

  14. You can see that Africa, is probably the worst affected continent. This is especially so, given that half the population is under the age of 15, because the younger the child at the time of exposure, the greater the effect of even low levels of lead in the blood on the development of the brain. So how much lead is bad?
    Until recent years it was believed that keeping the population’s blood lead level below 10 micrograms per decilitre of blood was sufficient to keep lead’s effects to an acceptable minimum, but even the

  15.  American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) October 2005 policy says this is not protective enough and now recommends [click] a blood lead level as close to zero as possible, acknowledging [click] the potential 7.4 IQ point drop when the blood lead level rises from 0 to 10 µg/dL. AAP now recommends [click] universal blood lead screening of ALL children and full lead removal from all homes, because it saves money in the long run.
    This in a country…

  16. where the median blood lead level dropped nearly 8-fold from 15 µg/dL to 1.9 µg/dL over a 20 year period because lead was banned from gasoline, from water pipes, and from food containers. The LEAD Group is participating in a United Nations program to help, and try to encourage, countries still using leaded petrol, to phase it out. How can the Australian lead mining industry help here? [click] Chiaradia et al., 1997 found that 40% of the lead in the lead additive for petrol, comes from Australia. What pressure is the Australian lead industry willing to exert to phase out this use of its product? How many billions of children have been lead poisoned because of slow public health policy implementation? How long will the global phase-out take? Leaded petrol is widely known to have been the most efficient way to lead poison and contaminate the entire planet… yet it’s a sliver on this piegraph:

  17. Other dispersive, mostly unrecoverable uses of greatest concern are:- pigments and compounds (dark purple), and ammunition (light yellow). The other main uses of lead already in existence and continuing as potential sources of lead pollution, are lead batteries and electronic equipment, especially computers and TVs. Is the lead in these products "green" in the sense I referred to earlier, that is, that it causes no harm to humans and the environment? First, let’s look at the recycling of lead in batteries: the International Lead Zinc Study Group estimates that 77.4% of the lead produced annually is manufactured into batteries for vehicles, solar energy storage, emergency power supplies, submarines and aircraft. Is the lead in batteries 100% recycled? In order to be recycled a battery first has to be recovered…

  18. from where it is used or where it was dumped in the environment. ILZSG says recovery is close to 100% yet this Chinese website quotes a recovery rate of 1.5% and that means that in all future years the only acceptable annual recycling rates i.e. number of batteries recycled over number produced in that year, should be well over 100%.

  19. What’s the real recycling rate? The Battery Council in the US claims 99.2% but  Peter Hurley of Blake International, a United Kingdom OH&S consultancy argues that only 76% of battery lead is recycled annually and asks where the other 1.1 million tonnes of lead ends up.

  20. The problem is: [click for first point] it costs less to produce primary lead, than to recycle. There’s also contention about what percentage of lead recovered from lead acid batteries can be re-used in lead acid batteries. According to Dr Peter Hurley battery makers can only use two thirds (65%) of what is recovered from used lead acid batteries, and I quote: "Even in the US, much of the recovered lead is exported. The reason this is so is because they use lead-antimony alloy, but cannot use that alloy in the anode plate of the battery as its too corrosive in that application. If they used lead-tin alloys then they could reuse nearly all the material they recovered/recycled, provided they could keep it separate from the lead-antimony. But they don't, because it’s more expensive and there are no regulations requiring tin alloy batteries or labeling of the batteries to distinguish between the two alloys to keep the recycling streams separate. Large scale international marketing – until battery collection and recycling is mandated, batteries will continue to dissipate into the environment at an ever-increasing rate while-ever car sales and vehicle kilometers traveled increase. And even if 100% of Used Lead Acid Batteries were recovered and recycled, it would not mean that the lead in batteries is "green" or safe, it depends on how it is recycled.
    Electronic equipment is another rapidly growing consumer market.

  21. One important question is: what percentage of first world lead batteries and e-waste is exported to the third world for recycling? Does anyone know? In any case:

  22. 90% of e-waste exported to the developing world goes to China where 100,000 e-waste workers earn just US$1.50 per day. The developed world relies on the Third World to recover lead from batteries and electronic waste and to receive some developed world lead that is recovered from these sources. How safely is this done? What is the exposure of children, workers and the children of workers to the lead and other heavy metals?

  23. Gui Yu – a city in China that is the [click] e-waste dump of developed countries, notice Made in Austria, New York Stock Exchange Property Tag. Some e-waste comes from sources you would think could make the effort to ensure that their e-waste is recycled to the highest occupational health and environmental standards.

  24. Children’s Playground? [click for teenager in fumes in India] But the reality is different. [click]. Children - both as workers and the children of workers who live on site - are exposed to environmental hazards.

  25. This short film shows the working conditions of Indian and Chinese recyclers. Workers obviously haven’t been warned that smoking while working is likely to double the blood lead level, compared to a non-smoker in the same conditions. [right mouse click on screen to run video] Its clear from the video that these workers are not told of the hazards, nor given any training or personal protective gear or washing facilities - simply a fatal combination when people are struggling to feed their families. So being 100% recyclable is certainly not enough to make the use of lead and other heavy metals safe or "green". It’s how it’s incorporated into the product and how the product is recycled that counts.

  26. I’ve already mentioned: ensure there’s no Australian lead in petrol; and partner with GLASS, but here’s the beginnings of a further list and I want to hear from the audience later if there are any other suggestions to add to this list. What are the barriers to action? Will the lead industry voluntarily take responsibility for knowing how Australian-mined lead is used and where the lead ends up? What would it take to get the Australian government - as with uranium – to require this? Find alternatives to minimize the use of lead in all products. We’re still waiting for Octel to stop manufacturing the lead petrol additive, more than a decade after they started manufacturing alternatives. If no industry made the lead additive for petrol, no country could continue to use it to poison their population. This point would also entail industry not protesting if government imposes internalised costs on non-recyclable leaded products.

  27. The LEAD Group, we hope in association with the Australian lead industry, feels a moral duty to inform those countries to which Australian lead is exported, how to safely manage it. Whatever the outcome of my suggestion of a partnership with industry, to help in the safe management of lead, I’d like to ask please, that you keep us – The LEAD Group – up-to-date on new and safer products and processes such as BHP’s "Green Lead" system. We try to keep our web-readers up to date, but we’ll do it better if you keep us in the loop. And, finally, write to your Mining Minister and local MPs.

  28. [click for Problems for lead companies]

  29. Our vision is that all who use lead (ie everyone) will have the appropriate information at the right time on how to safely manage it while working with government and industry to eliminate non-recyclable, dispersive uses. [click for Only a community group can focus on the real aim] With the right resourcing and passion, we believe this to be attainable. It just hasn’t happened yet.

  30. Thankyou very much for your attention

Leaded Petrol Ban
Facts of lead poisoning worldwide
Corporate work/International action
Global Lead Advice & Support Service (GLASS)

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Last Updated 21 August 2014
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