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Slide shows and Conference Papers Films / Videos Transcript
  1. Dr Ben Balzer’s Lead Poisoning Slide Show

  2. Lead Poisoning Slide Show

  3. “Green Lead” – oxymoron or future vision?

  4. Ceiling Dust Slide Show

  5. Climate Change Slide Show

  6. NPI Heavy Metals Emissions Data Problems

  7. End of Leaded Petrol - Presentation Nairobi

  8. Nairobi Presentation 20111026-27

  9. Consumer Products and Lead Exposures: Vision for a Lead-Safe World ppt
    Consumer Products and Lead Exposures: Vision for a Lead-Safe World html
    Speech Notes - Consumer Products and Lead Exposures: Vision for a Lead-Safe World

  10. The Problems Schools and Childcare Centres have with Lead PDF

  11. VAP made easy - how to create a winner - for classroom or home viewing 20140803.ppt

The Green Machine.wmv

E waste Report.wmv

Requires Windows Media Player

LeadPro's Green Machine
Voiceover for the video showing The Green Machine in action.

Please note that The LEAD Group is not affiliated with the Green Machine and LeadPro and is unable to provide further information. For more information please contact Robert McClelland, Email Phone: +6 12 9997 1712, mobile: +6 1416 294 942, LeadPro Pty Ltd, 8 Barkala Road Bayview NSW 2104.

Transcript of Video made by Joan Luckhardt, produced for the New Jersey Lead Poisoning Prevention Program in approximately 1992. Transcribed by Kate Finlay-Jones

Green Lead MCA speech Notes for the PowerPoint presentation
Elizabeth O'Brien Bio html
Green lead conference paper
Green lead conference paper PDF 482 KB

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Elizabeth O’Briena, Cornelia Dostb, Bei Quc a Manager, b,c Interns,
Global Lead Advice & Support Service (GLASS)
run by The LEAD Group Incorporated

Conference Paper Presented by Elizabeth O’Brien at the Minerals Council of Australia (MCA)
Conference on Sustainable Development in the Product Stewardship Session:
Tue 1st Nov 2005, 11am-1pm, Alice Springs

Leaded Petrol Ban
Facts of lead poisoning worldwide
Corporate work/International action
Global Lead Advice & Support Service (GLASS)

Countries possibly still to ban leaded petrol as at 20th Oct 2005

The following list consists of 67 countries listed by the International Fuel Quality Center as at 16th November 2004 (no updated list from IFQC will be available until the end of 2005) and a further 23 countries (* = asterisked) listed as still selling leaded petrol in the matrices provided on the Partnership for Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV) website of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) at (accessed 26th August 2005). Whenever we have acquired information about the ban being achieved in a particular country which conflicts with either the IFQC or PCFV information, we have struck-through the country name and given the reference sources (which appear below the country list) and added the year the ban was achieved, if provided. However, if the information gathered on any country from two sources conflicts, the country has been coloured red, as have all the countries for which there is still a listing on either PCFV’s or IFQC’s list of countries still selling leaded petrol for which no source claims a phase-out success.

Latin America
  1. Cuba
    Mexico * a (1998)f
    a (2004)
    a (2003)
  2. Venezuela

Europe, C.I.S.

  1. Albania
    Belarus b (1998)
  2. Bosnia
  3. Croatia
    Cyprus * c (2004)h
  4. Kazakhstan
    Kyrgyzstan b (2002)
  5. Macedonia
  6. Moldova
  7. Romania
  8. Serbia
  9. Tajikistan
  10. Turkey
  11. Turkmenistan
    Ukraine b (2001)
  12. Uzbekistan


  1. Algeria
  2. Angola
  3. Benin
  4. Botswana
  5. Burkina Faso
  1. Burundi
  2. Cameroon
  3. Central African Republic
  4. Chad
  5. Comoros *
  6. Congo (Brazzaville) *
  7. Congo, Democratic Republic of *
    [NB IFQC just lists Congo]
  8. Cote d'Ivoire
  9. Djibouti
  10. Equatorial Guinea
  11. Gabon
  12. Gambia
  13. Guinea
  14. Guinea-Bissau
  15. Kenya
  16. Lesotho
  17. Liberia
  18. Madagascar
  19. Malawi *
  20. Mali
  21. Morocco
  22. Mozambique *
  23. Namibia
  24. Niger
  25. Reunion *
  26. Sao Tome & Principe *
  27. Senegal
  28. Seychelles
  29. Sierra Leone
  30. Somalia
  31. South Africa
  32. Swaziland
  33. Tanzania
  34. Togo
  35. Tunisia
  1. Uganda
  2. Zambia
  3. Zimbabwe
  4. Asia

  5. Bhutan
  6. Cambodia
  7. Fiji *
  8. Indonesia
  9. Laos
  10. Maldives *
  11. Marshall Islands *
  12. Micronesia, Federal States of *
  13. Mongolia d, e
  14. Myanmar (Burma)
  15. Nauru *
  16. Niue *
  17. North Korea
  18. Palau *
  19. Solomon Islands *
  20. Timor L’Este *
  21. Tokelau *
  22. Tonga *
  23. Tuvalu *
  24. Vanuatu *

    Middle East

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Iraq
  3. Jordan
  4. Syria
  5. Yemen

 Reference Sources for Struck-Through Country Names:

  1. Personal communication (9 Sept 2005) Ing. Miguel Moyano, Projects Manager, ARPEL (Regional Association of Oil and Natural Gas Companies in Latin America and the Caribbean),, Tel: 598-2-4106993, Fax: 598-2-4109207, Javier de Viana 2345, 11200 Montevideo – URUGUAY,
  2. PCFV (Partnership for Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles) of the UNEP (United Nations Environment Program), "Central and Eastern Europe + Central Asia Lead Matrix" last update on 29 December 2004, (accessed 18 July 2005).
  3. PCFV (Partnership for Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles) of the UNEP (United Nations Environment Program), "Central and Eastern Europe + Central Asia Lead Matrix" last update on July 2005, (accessed 16 Sep 2005).
  4. Personal communication (14 Sept 2005) Shoa Ehsani, Partnership for Clean Fuels & Vehicles, Division of Policy Development and Law, UNEP, P.O. Box 30552, UN Avenue, Gigiri, Nairobi, Kenya, Tel: (254 20) 62 5035, Fax: (254 20) 62 3861, stating: "About the Central Asian countries, our data is based on various sources (such as Mike Walsh's updates) and we endeavor to get the latest data. Sometimes we get conflicting data as in the case of Kazakhstan and Tajikistan, we have data that indicates otherwise. For example, the UNEP Governing Council 2003 data [According to "The Case for Banning Lead in Gasoline", published by the Manufacturers of Emission Controls Association (MECA), Washington DC, January 2003(Available online at Kazakhstan has already achieved the phase out of leaded gasoline (see, 'Table 1 Unleaded Gasoline Sales Only', page 7). This information from MECA is also referred to in Annex 2, page 21 of a publication distributed by the Governing Council of the UNEP on the 10th of December 2002 for the Twenty-second session of the Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum in Nairobi, 3-7 February 2003, entitled "Progress in Phasing Out Lead in Gasoline", A note from the Executive Director (Available online at] also shows that Mongolia is unleaded, but we have data indicating otherwise. At the same time, a country may still be in dual mode e.g. almost unleaded and they have a small percentage of leaded gasoline. In summary, most data we have is from a secondary (or a couple of secondary) sources, to get absolutely authentic and accurate information on the real world status of a country, one needs to contact the relevant ministry directly.
  5. Personal communication (15 Sept 2005) Tanvi Nagpal, East Asia Environment,, The World Bank, Washington, DC, stating: "Mongolia does not use leaded gasoline. It imports only unleaded gasoline from China, Russia and Kazakhstan. The typical octane numbers are 80,92, and 95."
  6. Evolución de la Calidad de Combustibles en el Valle de México - Presentation to the International Seminar on the Clean Air Initiative in Latin American Cities (Lima, PERÚ - May 12-13, 2003) by Ing. Quím. Nicolás Rodríguez Martínez, Lima-Callao, Perú., PEMEX. [It notes that Mexico phased out leaded gasoline in 1998.]
  7. Personal communication (14 Oct 2005) Ministry of Education, Health, Community, Services and Labour for Montserrat,,
  8. Personal communication (20 Oct 2005) Meropi Samara Miliotou, Environment Officer
    Environment Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment
    1411 Nicosia, Cyprus, tel.: + 357 22 303857, fax: + 357 22 774945, email:

The idea for the term "Green Lead" as well as the concept which stands behind that term, come from the outstandingly successful Australian mining company BHP Billiton. "Green LeadTM is the vision of mining, processing, transporting, treating, manufacturing, storing, using and recycling lead – with zero harm from lead exposure to people and the environment. Green Lead is the identification of impacts associated with lead, the establishment of standards to minimise these impacts and certification of organisations and eventually lead products that achieve these standards. It will focus initially on lead used in batteries" (Roche and Toyne, 2003).

Undoubtedly, the idea of this concept is good and much-needed. However, it is still uncertain and of high concern whether this concept can be carried out and how many millions of people will be lead poisoned in the meantime.

As the initiators of the "Green Lead" Concept concentrate on lead in batteries the authors will look now at the main use of lead nowadays.


Leaded Petrol Ban
Facts of lead poisoning worldwide
Corporate work/International action
Global Lead Advice & Support Service (GLASS)

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